FOSS: Free and Open Source Software

Jun 2nd, 2013 by adminadam in home

FOSS or F/OSS is free and open-source software. Good examples you will know include Firefox (which used to be Netscape Navigator), VLC Media Player, the GIMP (a free Photoshop alternative), Linux (and the 1000’s of variations — or distributions — of this operating system that are out in the wild), WordPress Blogging Software, and OpenOffice or LibreOffice (both free alternatives to the Microsoft Office suite).

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The GIMP — photo editing

Other stalwarts include Blender (for 3D modeling), Bitcoin (for anonymous digital currency), Bittorrent (the file transfer protocol), the Opera and Chromium browsers, Mozilla Thunderbird (for email), Joomla/Drupal/MediaWiki (free blogging, website, and wiki software), Pidgin (instant messaging client), Moodle (learning management system), KeePass (password manager), ClamAV (anti-virus software), PeerGuardian (PC/network firewall software), Cryptocat (IRC chat client), the Apache Server, MySQL/MariaDB/PostgreSQL/etc. (database query languages), many many programming languages (like C++, Perl, Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, etc.), and Tor and the Tor Browser Bundle (for anonymous internet access).

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Blender 3D animation on Linux

The originator of the FOSS movement, Linus Torvalds, first released the Linux Kernel as free software in 1991. We have had over 20 years now of evolution in the movement, seen in the refinement and diversification of all of the species of FOSS software.

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Governments in India (Kerala), Germany (Munich), the State of Massachusetts, Brazil, Jordan, Malaysia, Ecuador, Venezuela, and France have all passed initiatives either encouraging or requiring the use of free software such as Linux Operating Systems or open-source content management systems like Drupal.

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Munich: Now running on Linux!

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